Rome’s MAXXI, National Museum of XXI Century Arts won the World Building of the Year last week at the World Architecture Festival in Barcelona.
The structure was designed by Zaha Hadid Architects, who is also responsible for the Olympic Aquatics Centre in London, for the Italian Ministry of Culture, the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport and Fondazione MAXXI. At 30,000 square meters, the museum is dedicated to the contemporary Italian arts and architecture, finding inspiration through innovation, multiculturalism and interdisciplinary work.
The design refocuses the concept of a museum as an object and instead creates a design that is accessible to all who visit; an urban field for experience rather than just a building. According to the description of the project on the Zaha Hadid Architects website, “The plan aligns itself with the two urban grids that regulate the town planning of the area and the new interpretation of these grids generates the geometrical complexity of the campus. The walls of the MAXXI create major streams and minor streams. The major streams are the galleries, and the minor streams are the connections and the bridges. The site has a unique L-shaped footprint that meanders between existing buildings. Rather than seeing this as a limitation, we used it to our advantage, taking it as an opportunity to explore the possibilities of linear structure by bundling, twisting, and building mass in some areas and reducing it in others – creating an urban cultural centre where a dense texture of interior and exterior spaces have been intertwined and superimposed over one another.”
Source: Zaha Hadid Architects, World Buildings Directory